Phuket Island history dates back to 1025 AD. Its first inhabitants were the 'Negrito' tribes of sea gypsies and nomads My, the Pegu region. Originally, it was known as Junk Ceylon, the name found on old Portuguese navigation maps. She then became Phuket, a name derived from the Malay word "Bukit" meaning hill. From the 15th to the 16th century, Phuket was known for its tin production and became a shopping center and exchanges for Europeans who obtained permission to trade there. The king of the time appoint René Charbonneau, a French missionary doctor, governor of the island from 1681 to 1685. The island served as a relay on the sea route between India and China, and was part of the Shivite empire, which was established on the Malay Peninsula during the first millennium. After the destruction of the city of Ayutthaya by the Burmese in 1767, King Taksin the time, repelled the invaders and was reunifying the country. Burmese, not happy with this turn of events, were fitted a fleet of ships to attack the southern provinces; The plan is to capture the people of Phuket and put them into slavery in Burma. The most memorable page in the history of Phuket was written at that time. A boat captain, Francis Light, passing off Phuket, had sent a message saying that the Burmese were en route to attack the island. Resistance was organized by two heroines: Kunying Jan, the governor's wife, and her sister Mook. Disguising thousands more women into men, they marched off in along the various beaches of Phuket, wielding makeshift weapons. The result was that, once there, Burmese hesitated to attack in force seeing the deployment of the "army" of Phuket. After a month of siege, they were forced to leave on March 13, 1785. The victory was attributed to the intelligence of the two sisters, and in recognition of their bravery King Rama I attributed their protected titles only to members of the royalty. During the 19th century, Chinese immigrants arrived in such numbers to work in the tin mines that the ethnic character of the interior part of the island has changed over time to become predominantly Chinese; while on the coast, the population is Muslim fishermen. Under the reign of Rama V, Phuket became the administrative center of the tin mines and in 1933, with the political change in the country, which rose from an absolute monarchy to a parliamentary system, the island became a province to her only. It was around this time that the second industrial activity was established on the island with the rubber plantations. This is Praya Rasda ( "Kawsimbi"), the Chinese governor of Phuket from 1890 to 1909, is credited with the introduction of rubber in Thailand in 1901; This activity has become so successful that Thailand is now the largest rubber exporter in the world.