SPEAK THAI

SPEAK THAI - SOME VOCABULARY

  • While the Thai language is the official language of the country, some say that English is his second non-official language. As many tourists and business many from around the world come to Thailand, English is the common language naturally become the most used, as more and more visitors are now trying to speak Thai. So the places in which concentrates most foreigners such as Bangkok, Chiang Mai and islands, many people can fluently speak both Thai and English.
  • Many visitors have difficulty understanding the Thai, as it is considerably different from other languages. The Thai has five tones: high, medium, low, rising and falling, each changing the meaning of words. Visitors unfamiliar with tonal languages have difficulties in pronunciation, even for basic terms, but many visitors who attempt to practice this tongue confess that Thai are very happy to help them speak the language properly.
  • The Thai script is based on an alphabet adopted on the Khmer from Cambodia and it was standardized during the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng during the Sukhothai period. The Thai alphabet has 44 consonants, 18 vowels and diphthongs 4. Learning to read Thai can be much more complex than to speak, since the pronunciation of words does not really follow the progress of letters, while writing does not create space between words. Fortunately, the signs on the road are written in both Thai and English and many tourist sites provide maps, menus or documentation both in Thai and in various other languages.
  • A problem that frequently appears to foreigners trying to pronounce Thai words correctly is caused by the transposition of Thai words in roman characters. The perfect example is the island of Phuket, which must be pronounced "poo - ket" not "foo - ket" as would be the case if he had spoken in English. Moreover, there is no official standard transposition of words so many Thai words are spelled differently on different maps or different signs (eg the same BTS Skytrain possess both Chitlom and Chidlom stations ).
  • Moreover, while most Thai speak and understand the language center of the country, there are several regional dialects, including those of the South and the Northeast, the latter being essentially a transposition of the Lao (due most representatives of this region are descendants of Laos).In northern Thailand, which saw the independent kingdoms of Lan Na and Chiang Mai from 1259-1939, a distinctive form of the normal Thai is still spoken by people who live there, all of which can of course speak the official Thai. All of the latter variants use the same alphabet.

POLITENESS :

  • Hello or good bye (if you're a woman) : sawadeekha
  • hello (if you're a man) : sawadee khrap
  • Thank you (if you're a womann) : khop khoun kha
  • Thank you (if you're a man) : khop khoun khrap
  • How are you ? sabaï dee mai khrap 
  • I'm fine : sabaï dee
  • I'm not fine : mai sabai
  • Thank you very much : khop khoun mak khrap
  • Excuse me : kho thot
  • How old are you ? A you tao rai ?
  • What is your name ? khoun tchu arai ?
  • Is it possible ? dai mai ?

TRANSPORTS :

  • Car : rot
  • Motorbike : motosaï
  • Bicycle : djak kra yan
  • Taxi : tek si
  • Train : rot faï
  • Bus : rot mé
  • Go : paï
  • Go together : paï doueï
  • Back home : klap baan
  • How does it cost : tao rai khrap
  • Free : plao plao
  • Slowly : tcha tcha

FIGURES :

  • 1 : neung
  • 2 : song
  • 3 : sam
  • 4 : sii
  • 5 : aa
  • 10 : sip
  • 100 : roï
  • 1000 : pan
  • 2000 : song pan

TIME :

  • Today : wan ni
  • Yesterday : mua wan
  • Tomorrow : prougn ni
  • Day: wan
  • Week : athit
  • Month : duan
  • Year : pi
  • Quick : réo réo
  • Date : nat

RESTAURANT :

  • Eat : kin khao
  • Chicken : khai
  • Pork : mou
  • Duck : ped
  • Boiled rice : khao plao
  • Sticky rice : khao nio
  • Water : nam plao
  • Bier : bia
  • Wine : wai degn
  • Patatoes : man farang
  • Toilettes : hong naam 
  • Not spicy : mai pet
  • Délicious : aroi dee
  • Squid : pla muk
  • Shrimp : khung
  • Fish : pla
  • Ice : nam keng
  • Hot : ron
  • Cold : yen
  • Want to / dont want : ao / mai ao
  • Could we smoke ? soup bour dai mai
  • Be hungry  : hiou khao

NIGHTLIFE :

  • Never mind : mai pen rai
  • I  dont know : mai roo
  • Dangerous : antarai
  • Understand : khao djai
  • I dont understand : mai khao djai
  • Speak english : put passa angkrit
  • Play snooker : len snooker (se prononce "sanooka")
  • Where is... : yoo tee nai...

ANYTHING :

  • Man : pou tchai
  • Woman : pou yin
  • Child : louk
  • Son : louk tchai
  • Daughter : louk sao
  • Funny : sanook
  • French : farangset 
  • English : angkrit